Tadalafil is an oral prescription drug that is effective in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). this medication comes in generic and branded options (Cialis and Adcirca). The generic is cheaper but may not be as potent as the brand-name drugs. However, both drugs are effective in treating the above-listed medical conditions. To understand how this drug works, we need to know the effects of ED, BPH, and PAH.
Causes And Effects Of ED, BPH, And PAH
Erectile dysfunction is the inability of the penis to have or sustain an erection during stimulation or sexual intercourse. When a man gets sexually excited, blood fills up the penile artery, causing the penis to harden and expand. Other areas like the brain, nerves, hormones, muscles, and emotions play significant roles in achieving an erection. However, an imbalance or underlying health issue can hinder a man from having or sustaining an erection, including conditions like atherosclerosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, alcoholism, tobacco consumption, among others.
It is not uncommon for men to experience temporary ED resulting from stress. But when it becomes consistent, then the individual needs to see a doctor. With BPH, the prostate becomes enlarged (not cancerous) and compresses the urethra. Symptoms include weak stream, high frequency in urination, and painful urine leaks. PAH occurs in the lung blood vessels known as pulmonary arteries and stems from medical conditions like HIV infection, connective tissue disease, liver disease, and many more. PAH constricts, blocks, or destroys the blood vessels, resulting in high blood pressure.
How Tadalafil Works
Tadalafil is a Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE) inhibitor that blocks the functionality of PDE5 – an enzyme that controls the flow of blood to the pulmonary arteries. As a result, the blood vessels relax and promote the flow of blood to the penis, which creates an erection. An increase in blood flow alleviates PAH as well. This drug also relaxes the muscles in the bladder and prostate to improve benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms.
Tadalafil And Method Of Administration
Tadalafil can be either taken daily or before any sexual activity. For daily intake, Numan – 20mg of Tadalafil is enough to create a baseline level in your system, making it possible to have an erection anytime and as many times as you want. On the other hand, Numan 20 mg of Tadalafil is a better option for men who prefer intake before sex. However, this dose can only be taken if Tadalafil 10 mg does not produce a satisfactory result.
If you are not on a dosing schedule, take Tadalafil 10 mg and 20 mg at least 30 minutes before any sexual activity, as effects are visible for 36 hours, which earns this tablet the nickname – the weekender.
Tadalafil Side Effects
Tadalafil has its side effects that may differ from one user to another. Some of these effects are mild, while others require immediate medical attention. More common adverse drug reactions include:
- Facial flushing or redness of the skin
- Nasal congestion
Serious side effects may include visual changes, low blood pressure, hearing loss, and priapism. If symptoms become painful and long-lasting, do consult your doctor or pharmacist.